What is Angioplasty/Heart Stent ? Procedure, risks, precautions and changes in life style.

The treatment of heart diseases resulting from coronary heart disease or atherosclerosis is very common nowadays by putting a stent in the heart.
Blood and oxygen flow is made smooth by opening the closed or narrowed artery from the blockage by the heart / coronary stent, and heart attack can be avoided.

Do you know about the stent in the heart, what it is, when and how it is inserted, its danger and what precautions are taken after it? After reading all these questions, you can help people by knowing the simple way by reading below.
What is stent:
A stent is an artificial / artificial tube-like device made of metal, plastic or any other material that is inserted into the tube to open a closed / blocked tube inside the body.
Different types of stents are inserted for various diseases of the human body, the main ones are as follows:

Type of stents:
Heart / coronary stent: It is used to open the coronary artery / artery (supplies blood to the heart).
Vascular stent for peripheral artery angioplasty: It is used to open the carotid, iliac or femoral arteries.
Ureter stent: It is used to open the ureter (urinary tube) closed due to kidney stone.
Prostate stent: Benigns are used in prostate hypertrophy.
Esophageal stent: These diets are used in cancer of the esophageal stent.
Biliary stent: It is inserted into the bile duct (bile duct), gall bladder, or pancreas for bile drainage (bile juice).
Bronchial stent: These are used in windpipe (bronchi).
Glucoma stent: In some countries, glaucoma stents are also being used to reduce eye pressure.



Why heart stent:
The coronary artery supplies blood and oxygen to the muscles of the heart.

Plaque (made of fat, cholesterol, etc.) in the arteries / blood vessels due to Atherosclerosis disease.

Over time, plaque volume or blood clot freezes and stops the arterial passage and blocks blood flow. Due to which blood and oxygen does not reach the heart muscles.

This condition is called coronary heart disease. Chest pain and short breath are the main symptoms. This increases the risk of heart attack.

The use of coronary / cardiac / heart stent opens the arterial pathway and supplies blood and oxygen as before, thereby relieving the symptoms of coronary heart disease.

Procedure for the placement of heart stent:
* Heart stent is used to open a thin or closed artery due to plaque made of fat and cholesterol. This procedure is called stent angioplasty / balloon angioplasty.

* No major surgery or operation is required to insert a heart stent / heart stent.

* At the time of balloon angioplasty (stent insertion), the patient remains in his senses.

* Patient can listen and follow doctor's orders.

* Before inserting a stent, the cardiologist can give the patient pain killers, anti-anxiety and anti-platelets.

* By making a small incision in the femoral artery (in / in leg) or radial artery (in arm / in arm) using local anesthesia (numbing a bit). A small and thin tube called balloon catheter is inserted, which is directed towards the heart.

* A special dye (chemical) and imaging technique called Angiogram is used to guide the catheter and stent in the right direction.

* When the blockage (where the artery is blocked) is detected, a wire in the coronary artery with a stent is replaced, replacing the blockage.

* Now inflate the stent equal to the artery from the balloon in the stent and pull the wire back with the catheter.
While the bloated stent remains in the artery itself, this stent opens the arterial passage and supplies blood and oxygen as before.

Bottom line:

Cardiac / coronary / heart stents are permanently lying in the artery / artery.

Stents can relieve symptoms such as chest pain and shortness of breath, but it is not a treatment / treatment for atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease.

Even after the stent is inserted, plaque can accumulate in the artery and stop the flow of blood.

Stentions are re-inserted or bypass surgery is performed as required, when blockages occur again.

A stent is commonly used when there is a blockage of 1 or 2 arteries. If more than this arterial is closed then bypass surgery is good.
Thus we have seen that the benefit of stent angioplasty is to be non-operative, stay in hospital for some time and quickly follow the patient's routine.

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